Naturopathic Medicine:

Port Coquitlam Naturopathic Doctor | Dr. Vanessa Lee, BSc, N.D.

Physical Medicine


The use of machines is commonly seen in naturopathic practice. Some machines include ultrasound, electrical stimulation (applied to acupuncture needles for pain reduction), interferential currents, and TENS machines.

Different machines have different functions, but most are helpful in reducing pain, increasing circulation to body parts and reducing stiffness. Please ensure that you inform your naturopath if you have a pacemaker or other cardiac conditions if they utilize machines in their practice.